How University Pre-Entry Examination is “Disrupting” Secondary School Education and Legal Training in Uganda

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In the first quarter of 2015, a couple of high school students intending to pursue Law at University approached me for guidance on the pre-entry exam that they were going sit a few months away.

They were terrified! They hated the whole arrangement with a passion. To them, it was a ploy by Universities for making money. They even informed me of some of their colleagues who have instead applied to other institutions that do not administer this exam.

My unenviable task was first to convince them that this idea was actually for their own good and for the profession as a whole. You should have seen the frown on their faces!!!

Before going further, let appreciate the basics. A law pre-entry exam is a standardized test for prospective law students designed to assess their reading, comprehension, logical,  communication and analytical abilities as well as awareness of contemporary issues both locally and internationally.

In Uganda, the test was introduced around 2009 by Uganda Christian University. A year later, the Law Development Centre (LDC) adopted it and Makerere University School of Law followed suit in 2011.

Real UCU  The main building of Uganda Christian University, the pioneers of University pre-entry examination in Uganda. (Internet Photo)

By administering this test, Universities hope that they will be able to attract students who are more mentally focused and ready to undertake the Law program. This is why the nature of test examines the student’s reading and comprehension skills, language and numerical competencies, general knowledge, oratory and analytical writing skills– basic talents each lawyer must possess.

From my experience helping these “vacists” in commencing their journey to Law School, I agree with the long-standing observation that most of them lack the aptitude to pursue this rigorous course that demands a curious mind that can logically analyze and resolve legal issues. They wanted to be fed on answers. Actually, some of them thought I had access to the paper they were going to sit. How absurd!!!

This exposes the gaps in our Secondary School training which has become largely privatized and commercialized, unfortunately with disproportionate supervision by the government. Stories are told of how students in A’ Level are advised to do “simple” subjects that easily fetch them AAA grades (to get law) as opposed to the “hard” subjects that build their critical thinking abilities.

One of my friends, David Okwii has propounded what he calls the “theory of disruption” in which he argues that the quality of education must increase if students hope to have better chances of getting jobs. He roots for a form of new thinking that will usher in “disruptive” innovations to not only enhance access to education but also improve on its quality to reflect 21st Century challenges.

The pre-entry exam, in my view is one of those “disruptive” concepts that is not only going to check on our Secondary Schools but also improve the quality of legal education in Uganda. It is a game changer in Uganda’s education history. It is no longer business as usual but rather business un-usual since it has removed the monotony of some schools to supply students to law school.

Pre-entry exam affords an opportunity to passionate learners who may not have “excelled” at the national examinations but have the right mindset and predisposition to become fine lawyers to pursue this coveted course.

Besides that, it also contributes to the profession’s quality assurance infrastructure by ensuring that the right students are trained at undergraduate level, who will in turn (easily) undertake the rigorous one year Bar Course training. Ultimately, (it is hoped that) competent and professional lawyers are produced!

I have heard rumors t the effect that Universities are planning to expand this test to all other courses. I hope it happens soon!!!

I Agree with Semujju Nganda, Political Parties in Uganda Have their “Owners”!

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A couple of Saturdays ago, Kyadondo East MP and Capital Gang panelist, Hon Ibrahim Semujju Nganda stated that one of the reasons he did not support the current FDC President Gen. Mugisha Muntu was because the noble ex-Army Commander hailed from the same region as the then outgoing President Dr. Kiiza Besigye. He stated something to the effect that transiting power from Rukingiri to Ntungamo (the home districts of Besigye and Muntu respectively)—neighbouring districts in Western Uganda was inappropriate since it risked branding the largest opposition  party as a political vehicle for Westerners—a view that will ultimately hurt its fortunes in other regions of the country where it ironically enjoys majority support.

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Semujju Nganda makes his point on the Capital Gang

I must admit from the onset that I am a big fan of Semujju. I have read almost all the articles he has written. I look forward to his views on the Capital Gang–a weekly radio talk show on 91.3 Capital FM. At first, I was a little disturbed with his arguments on my favourite Saturday morning show. I found it so basic and pedestrian!

However, after a fortnight of reflection and observation of the developments in most parties, I now agree with the opposition legislator. Here are some examples from Uganda’s oldest parties that support Semujju’s point;

The dissatisfaction with the Protestant dominance in the colonial and post-colonial Uganda political scene largely inspired some Catholics, especially from Buganda to form the Democratic Party (DP) in October 1954. In other words, the DP was essentially organized to redress the discrimination of Catholics. Currently under the leadership of a non-Muganda President, the party is deeply divided in (tribal) factions.

As for the Uganda People’s Congress (UPC), Dr. Apolo Milton Obote, its Protestant founding President who is described as the “the culture hero, the prophet” of the Party hails from Lango sub-region. With his cultic following at home, it naturally follows that the Party is popular in Northern Uganda and outside it, to the Protestants! Actually, most if not all its MPs hail from Lango sub-region and they are very influential in the running of the party affairs.

The National Resistance Movement (NRM) was founded by President Museveni with most of his childhood friends—majority from Western Uganda. It is these “historicals” who wield the most power in the party. The party also enjoys overwhelming support in Western Uganda. Museveni is a father-figure of sorts in the party.

JEEMA was founded by a Muganda Moslem and Education Consultant Muhamad Kibirige Mayanja who has since handed over to Asuman Basalirwa.

So with DP’s Nobert Mao being shunned by majority Buganda politicians; UPC shifting power from Dr. Obote to Mrs. Obote to Dr. Otunnu and now soon to Jimmy Akena (Obotes’ son); NRM permanently fielding its founding “best player” Y.K. Museveni as a sole candidate and JEEMA handing party leadership to a person of the same tribe and religion as its founder, I agree with Hon Semujju, that each political party in Uganda has its “owners” whose interests must be respected at all times.

It is a fact every political party member/leader should be alive to because if they disregard or undermine the interests of those “owners”, then their membership or hold on the party will be at a huge risk!